To set forth expectations that ensure the broad and responsible sharing of genomic research data, NIH issued the Genomic Data Sharing (GDS) Policy in August 2014, both the NIH Guide Grants and Contracts (available at, and the Federal Register (available at

The NIH GDS Policy became effective for competing grant applications submitted for the January 25, 2015, receipt date; contract proposals submitted to NIH on or after January 25, 2015; and for intramural projects generating genomic data on or after August 31, 2015. The NIH GDS Policy applies to all NIH-funded research (e.g., grants, contracts, and intramural research) that generates large-scale human or non-human genomic data, regardless of the funding level, as well as the use of these data for subsequent research. Large-scale data include genome-wide association studies (GWAS), single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) arrays, and genome sequence, transcriptomic, epigenomic, and gene expression data.  Examples of genomic research projects that are subject to the Policy and the timeline for submission and sharing of data from such projects may be found in the Supplemental Information to the NIH GDS Policy available at the NIH GDS Policies link below.

Questions about the Policy can be e-mailed to

Public Comments on the NIH Request for Information on Processes for database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP) Data Submission, Access, and Management