National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB)
The NSABB is a federal advisory committee that addresses issues related to biosecurity and dual use research at the request of the United States Government. The NSABB has up to 25 voting members with a broad range of expertise including molecular biology, microbiology, infectious diseases, biosafety, public health, veterinary medicine, plant health, national security, biodefense, law enforcement, scientific publishing, and other related fields. The NSABB also includes non-voting ex officio members from 15 federal agencies and departments.
Gain-of-Function Deliberative Process
On October 16, 2014, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy announced the launch of the U.S. government (USG) gain-of-function (GOF) deliberative process to reevaluate the potential risks and benefits associated with certain GOF experiments. During this process the USG has paused the release of federal funding for GOF studies anticipated to enhance the pathogenicity or transmissibility among mammals by respiratory droplets of influenza, MERS, or SARS viruses.
The NSABB served as the official federal advisory body on the GOF issue and was tasked with providing recommendations to the USG on a conceptual approach for evaluating proposed GOF research. The NSABB finalized its recommendations on May 24, 2016. NSABB recommendations will be considered by the USG as it develops new policy regarding the funding and oversight of GOF research.
Symposia Summaries and Commissioned Reports
Risk and Benefit Analysis of Gain of Function Research – Final Report (Gryphon Scientific)
Gain-of-Function Research: Ethical Analysis (Professor Michael J. Selgelid)